1 Galilean, Keplerian, Newtonian and Conde are types of what instrument? Telescope
2 Founded 1950, whose flag is a white compass rose/star in a circle on blue background? NATO
3 What ancient rulers wore a double-crown symbolizing their joined upper and lower lands? Pharoahs
4 What type of lens bends parallel rays inwards: convex or concave? Convex
5 Mumps can spread, rarely, where in adult males, with permanent procreational effect? Testicles
6 The arbalest/arblast is a medieval more powerful developed version of which weapon? Crossbow
7 What mineral caused the founding of S Africa’s Johannesburg in 1886? Gold
8 In the greeenhouse effect ultraviolet light is reradiated and absorbed as what invisible energy? Infrared
9 What obscure metal element (Hf) is named from Latin for Copenhagen, where it was discovered? Hafnium (from Hafnia)
10 The Cyclades are an eastern island group of which nation? Greece
11 Which band headlined the opening/rebranding of the London Dome/O2, June 2007? Bon Jovi
12 What the note is at the 12th fret of the 1st and 6th strings of a standard-tuned 6-string guitar? E
13 What part of Manhattan is named after a Dutch city famous for its bulb trade? Harlem (after Haarlem)
14 What chemical element (Cu) is named after Cyprus? Copper
15 Insurgents of what nation took part in the Easter Rising of 1916? Ireland
16 What Greek mythological horse sprang from the blood of Medusa? Pegasus
17 What was disestablished as the state religion of Japan after WWII? Shinto
18 A red giant star typically evolves when its central hydrogen has converted to what gas? Helium
19 The French railway (train of great speed) abbreviation TGV mean what in French? Train a Grande Vitesse
20 Refraction concerns a changed direction of sound, radiation, a river or a missile? radiation